The novel coronavirus has spread all over the world at the pace of a lightning, killing over 650,000 and infecting around 16.6 million individuals to this point. In accordance with scientists at Conservation International, there is a direct link between the destruction of nature and disease outbreaks. On the World Nature Conservation Day, allow us to understand what nature has to do with the spread of diseases. And the way human exploitation has led to the mess our planet at present.
Ecosystems and human body operate similarly:
When they’re strong and healthy — which implies once they have numerous species and area for healthy animal populations — ecosystems are less prone to be a source of diseases. In accordance with researchers, as the global wildlife trade persists and human actions broaden deeper into forests, people are growing their exposure to wild animals and the diseases they may carry.
When mining and logging degrade or destroy wildlife habitats, animals are compelled into totally different or smaller areas, which is more prone to make them stressed and sick. Sooner or later, they’re likely to come into contact with individuals and domestic animals, driving the transmission of diseases from wildlife to people. Above all , Covid-19 is just the most recent and most widespread of these zoonotic pandemics, following SARS, MERS and Ebola.
Scientists are of the opinion that coronavirus-like outbreaks may turn out to be more frequent because of the growing destruction of nature.
So, what can we take away from this?
There are two most important ways in which our influence on the surroundings is growing the risk of pandemics like the present coronavirus outbreak.
1. With rising human settlements and land-clearing for agriculture, the transition zones between different ecosystems have grown. This results in species from different habitats mixing as well as interacting with one another in new methods. These new contacts provide new alternatives for diseases to jump between species, as coronavirus did.
2. Most Importantly, an essential driver for the emergence of zoonotic diseases is biodiversity loss.
How to Create a Stable and a Healthy ecosystem?
If there might ever be a silver lining to the dark cloud that’s the coronavirus, it’s this. The pandemic would possibly drive some motion to address the underlying drivers of disease emergence, together with ecosystem degradation and biodiversity loss.
A couple of factors we should consider as we plan a healthy and more diverse ecosystem:
1. Expanding cities should prioritize present green areas and constructing new ones throughout the metropolis boundaries.
2. Enforcement and strengthening of environmental laws to guard or restore biodiverse areas shall be essential.
3. Methods that assist to construct the world again after coronavirus should evolve round sustainable growth to make sure a number of international objectives, similar to combating climate change and decreasing natural hazard dangers.
4. Nature Conservation: Ecosystems are constructed to keep up a stability between species and diseases in a really natural method. Thus, animals have to be allowed to dwell in their natural habitat.
5. Last but not the least, Stopping unlawful wildlife trade.
Let’s play our role in conserving the environment on this Nature Conservation Day and share it to spread awareness.
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