What are the benefits of wildlife conservation?
Wildlife conservation comprises the practice of protecting biodiversity (animals, plants, biodiversity, habitat, gene pools, etc.) When the animal species, their habitats, and gene pools started to get damaged as a result of assortment of human and natural factors, the needs for conservation came about. The idea is to conserve the species so that they are not lost to the world ecosystem.
So why do we do conservation? Why is it so important to protect wildlife?
The planet’s ecosystem is very much connected and seemingly unrelated organism are subtly related to others – for survival, food, to keep the ecosystem functioning in many ways. Extinction of one organism could very possibly lead to the extinction of another which is dependent on the former. Equally worse, if, for example, a carnivore’s natural prey goes extinct, it may start attacking another species for food. Take an example of a tiger – if its prey, like the deer, goes extinct, there is every possibility the mighty beast would feast on your cattle and, worst of all at least in your perspective, feast on your crunchy bones. So, conservation is an attempt to sustain the natural balance in the ecosystem and food chain.
Sustainability of agriculture
Our crops are susceptible to any number of diseases. Sometimes blight causes a massive-scale crop failure – Irish potato blight, for example. Wildlife conservation can significantly help us secure food supplies for the future. In the long run, there is every possibility that some crops we have today might be totally wiped out by diseases and climate change. In such a case, the wild plants species yet to be domesticated might serve as our new source of food. Equally so about animals. Gene pool in the natural habitat can also be used in producing new, disease-resistant varieties of crops.
Medicine and other research
There is so much to discover in nature. Who knows the definitive cure for cancer or AIDS in available some natural habitat and is waiting for a human genius to wrest the secret from nature’s covert folds! Many forms of medicines are extracted from plants and animals. Much research is required to understand what wealth nature has in her keep. Although it is very certain that humans won’t understand the full potential of nature and her riches, still, there are boundless possibilities within the reach of human endeavour and intelligence. We must preserve nature in the hope that someone smart and persistent enough comes along and unearths something for the good of life on earth
Natural resources are an important part of the economy. Millions of people still depend on natural resources for livelihood. Besides, many other major economic ventures – hydropower energy, minerals, etc – are dependent on a robust, healthy and sustainable ecosystem. The health of an ecosystem is defined by the natural balance. So, wildlife must be conserved.
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