A former Soviet army base is slowly turning right into a biodiversity haven credit goes to the introduction of wild horses, bison as well as different big-hooded animals that centuries ago used to roam freely throughout Europe.
The previous Milovice base, situated 35 kilometres northeast of Prague, was occupied by the Soviets in 1968, in the course of the invasion of Czechoslovakia. However, deserted in 1991 following the dissolution of the United States.
After that invasive plants took over the place. These are species non-native to a particular place that spread to a level that may be dangerous to native ones.
Things started to alter 5 years back, when the region began to populate with animals that love consuming invasive plants. Thus reshaping the ecosystem by “saving” the endangered ones.
The conservationists chose the animals on the basis of scientific study.
They ruled out the domestic animals like sheep, for instance, as they’d feed on endangered plants.
On the other hand, wild horses like to eat invasive grasses, whereas bison and tauros choose bushes, creating a great environmental steadiness.
Moreover, their “environmental-maintenance” is economical than a mechanical one.
Conservationists hope 1/3rd of the sanctuary will develop by this year, reaching 360 hectares.
A Miraculous Change
Dalibor Dostal, director of European Wildlife, an organization concerned with the venture, said that the region noticed “a miraculous change”.
“No one anticipated that the entire process would go forward so quick and the area would change so much in only a few years.”
He mentioned the big animals are key in preserving the ecosystem “as trees are for forests.”
The venture now counts herds of 27 European Bisons and about 70 wild horses.
They introduced wild horses from Exmoor National Park in south-western England. And European Bison got there from Polish reserves.
The work, animals are doing additionally helped valuable flowers to bloom, such as the star gentian, also called cross gentian. Moreover , insects are coming again, just like the Adonis blue butterfly, which hadn’t been noticed within the region since 1967.
“If we give nature an opportunity, if we give it area, it will possibly handle many issues,” mentioned Miloslav Jirku, a biologist with the Czech Academy of Sciences who’s concerned with the venture.
“At the very starting, I assumed that plenty of species that were once right here in the 1990s would need to be returned artificially. At present, a lot of them are already right here with out us doing anything about it.”
The biodiversity is healing itself at the military base when given a chance to do so.
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